Abortion should be legal
In the article “Safety of Abortion”, Susan Dudley and Beth Kruse assert that “An estimated 68,000 women worldwide die each year from unsafe abortions.” Abortion is a surgery that ends a pregnancy by removing the developing baby from the uterus. Although abortion is the killing of an unborn child, abortion should be legal because not only is it a woman’s right, it also lets women have control over their bodies, and access to legal abortion reduces injuries caused by illegal abortions.
The first reason why abortion should be legal is because it is a woman’s right. Katha Pollitt states, “In the end, abortion is an issue of fundamental human rights. To force women to undergo pregnancy and childbirth against their will is to deprive them of the right to make basic decisions about their lives and well-being, and to give that power to the state.” It is important for women to have the right to get an abortion because pregnancy is a decision that affects a woman's life and health. If a woman is assaulted and ends up being pregnant, she should have the right to not have the baby of the person that took advantage of her and violated her personal rights. Another reason is that if a woman finds out that her baby will suffer from medical conditions that will restrict the baby’s life she should have the right to not let the baby suffer. Women will never be free if their right to an abortion is taken away and is in control of the state.
The second reason abortion should be legal is because it lets women have control over their own bodies. In the article “Gonzales v. Carhart ” Ruth Bader Ginsburg asserts that “undue restrictions on abortion infringe upon “ a woman’s autonomy to determine her life’s course, and thus to enjoy equal citizenship stature.” A woman’s body is her own and no one else can have a say with what she wants to do with it, especially not a stranger. If the state is in control of their reproductive choice, how can women be equal in the economic life of the nation. Abortion physically changes a woman’s body and that may affect their self-esteem and the way they see themselves. Women cannot be equal if they have restrictions on abortion.
The final reason that abortion should be legal is because access to legal abortions reduce injuries or deaths caused by illegal abortions. As claimed by Jan Schakowsky, “In 1973, the Roe v. Wade decision concluded that women have a constitutionally protected right to safe and legal abortions. That landmark decision wasn’t the beginning of women having abortions; it was the end of women dying from abortions.” The chance of a woman dying from an abortion is 0.6 in 100,000 while the risk of a woman dying from giving birth is about 8.8 in 100,000 which is 14 times higher. Between the years 2010 and 2014 there an estimated 45% of women that resorted to illegal abortions. Rebecca Suzanne Bell was 17 years old when she got pregnant. She died from complications from a septic abortion, which is “an infection of the placenta and fetus (products of conception) of a previable pregnancy.” It is not known whether she did an illegal abortion or if she tried to self-abort. Women shouldn’t die from having illegal abortions when their deaths could have been prevented.
Even though abortion is legal those who are pro-life say that abortion is murder. Mother Teresa states that “The greatest destroyer of peace is abortion because if a mother can kill her own child, what is left for me to kill you and you to kill me? There is nothing between.” Abortion should not be legal because by eight weeks gestation the fetus feels pain and can be seen flinching in pain. The killing of an unborn child is considered murder by the US government in the federal “Unborn Victims of Violence Act” which protects unborn babies. In the US the number of adoptions went from 90,000 in 1971 to 18,329 in 2014 because of abortion.
During an abortion the fetus does not feel any pain. Stuart W. G. Derbyshire, PhD, states that, “fetuses cannot be held to experience pain. Not only has the biological development not yet occurred to support pain experience, but the environment after birth, so necessary to the development of pain experience, is also yet to occur." Fetuses cannot feel pain until the 29th week of gestation, which is late for an abortion and is restricted by state laws, the reactions that are seen are actually reflexes and not the fetus feeling pain. A baby should not be born unwanted because unintended pregnancies are associated with an increased risk of child abuse, physical violence during pregnancy, birth defects, and many more risks. Abortion procedures that are conducted now are a lot more safer and do not cause health issues that last. This was proven by the study in “Obstetrics & Gynecology” who found that the rate of dying from giving birth is 14 times higher than the rate of dying from an abortion. The reasons for having abortion legalized outweighs the allegations that people use to make abortion illegal.
It can be concluded that abortion has a right to be legalized. There are many benefits that should be considered. By abortion being legal women get their right back. Women will have control of their bodies as they rightfully should. Also thousands of injuries and deaths caused by illegal abortions will be prevented. Before abortion was legalized many deaths had happened, but know it will prevent unnecessary injuries and deaths. Abortion is not a decision that a woman makes flimsily but a decision that a woman makes based on many different factors, such as finance, whether she is ready, and many more.